Shipping from China to Romania

When you’re looking to ship cargo or import shipments from China to Romania, you’ll find a variety of options to meet your needs. The choice between air, sea, and rail freight depends on your priorities, whether it’s speed, cost, or a balance of both.

  • Urgency: How quickly do you need your goods delivered?
  • Volume: What is the size and quantity of your cargo?
  • Cost: What is your shipping budget?

Efficient shipping is important for businesses trading between China and Romania. Freight forwarding providers offer ocean freight services using large cargo vessels, as well as multimodal transport combining ship, truck and rail. Consolidation of smaller cargo loads into FCL containers helps lower transportation costs.

In this article, we will provide you with detailed information on shipping goods from China to Romania.

Shipping Methods From China to Romania

Shipping Methods From China to Romania

Sea Freight 

Sea freight from China to Romania is a popular choice for shipping large volumes of goods, as it’s often more cost-effective. You have the choice between Full Container Load (FCL) where you pay for and use a whole container, which can be ideal for large shipments. For smaller shipments, Less than Container Load (LCL) might be more suitable; here, you share container space with other shippers. Sea freight takes longer than other methods but can be significantly more affordable, especially for heavy items.

Air Freight 

If your priority is speed, then air freight could be the right choice for you. Planes fly from China to Romania frequently, and although it’s more expensive, it’s much faster. Air freight shipping is ideal for items that are time-sensitive, perishable, or high-value. However, there are limits on the weight and size of shipments that can be carried by plane.

Items Prohibited On The Plane

CategoryProhibited Items
Animals & PlantsLive animals; endangered wildlife products (ivory, fur, etc.)
Obscene MaterialsLewd or indecent items
WasteHazardous/restricted waste under the Basel Convention
Dangerous GoodsExplosives, compressed gases, flammables, oxidizers, toxic materials, radioactive materials, corrosives
DrugsIllicit narcotics, anesthetics
WeaponsGuns, ammunition, fireworks, firecrackers

It’s important to note that laws and regulations in this area can be subject to change over time. If you need assistance ensuring your items can be shipped by air, I recommend checking in with our team of experts. Our staff regularly monitors updates to rules. We aim to provide the most up-to-date information and authoritative guidance tailored to your specific product and situation. Don’t hesitate to contact us so we can help navigate any new developments.

The Weight Limit For Air Freight

Shipment TypeWeight Limit
Single Package130-170 kg (300-400 lbs)
Container Shipment2,500-3,000 kg (6,000-6,500 lbs)
Bulk Shipment128-158 kg (300-350 lbs)

Dimensions, packaging, customs regulations and total shipment weight all factor into what can realistically be shipped by air. Furthermore, the specific aircraft type used can impact limits, as their internal dimensions and weight ratings vary. Generally, cargo planes have higher capacities than passenger aircraft. 

Rail and Road Freight

Railway freight offers a balance between speed and cost, making it a suitable choice for various types of cargo. It’s faster than sea shipping and more environmentally friendly than air shipping. Combined with road freight, it often forms part of what’s known as multimodal transportation, ensuring your cargo reaches its final destination after rail transport. Road freight is also flexible; we provide door to door delivery.

Items Can’t Be Shipped By Railway Freight

Prohibited Rail Freight Items
Electronics (tablets, cell phones)
Liquids
Powders
Knives
Weapons
Hazardous items

Express Shipping

Express shipping is one of the fastest and most reliable methods for transporting goods from China to Romania. Though more expensive than options like sea freight, express delivery offers unmatched speed. Though pricier than sea or rail, express freight simplifies the shipping process with inclusive pricing, door pick-up and delivery, online tracking and a coordinated customs clearance process. For time-sensitive deliveries, express services provide an unparalleled combination of speed, reliability and convenience.

Key Shipping Destinations in Romania and China

When considering shipping goods between China and Romania, it’s essential to be aware of the major transport hubs in both countries. These hubs serve as the gateways for international trade, facilitating the flow of goods across continents.

Major Chinese and Romanian Airports and Seaports

CountryTransport ModeKey HubsImportance
ChinaAirports– Beijing Capital Intl AirportOne of the world’s busiest airports, a major hub for air cargo
– Other major airportsSupport freight transport across China
Seaports– ShanghaiWorld’s busiest container port with extensive global shipping routes
– Ningbo-ZhoushanSecond busiest port globally, a significant role in trade
– ShenzhenMajor hub handling the large volume of China’s international trade
– GuangzhouModern facilities and infrastructure enabling global shipping
– Qingdao, Tianjin, DalianOther vital ports supporting maritime logistics
RomaniaSeaports– Port of ConstantaLargest port in Romania, key Black Sea hub
Airports– Henri Coandă Intl AirportMain airport in Romania for international air cargo
– Other airportsLimited role compared to Henri Coandă

Main Railway Routes Run from China to Europe

Main Railway Routes Run from China to Europe

CR express refers to a network of scheduled container block trains that transport cargo over land between major cities in China and destinations in Europe. These long-haul rail services operate on fixed routes, timetables and transit times. Some of the key routes include trains departing from China that pass through Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, and into countries like Poland, Germany, France and Spain.

The trains utilize standardized gauges and intermodal containers to facilitate seamless transloading across borders. The services provide an alternative to maritime shipping by connecting manufacturing centers in China with consumer markets in Europe via rail in as little as 12-18 days.

At over 12,000 km in length, the CR express forms the longest land freight route in the world, helping facilitate trade and economic development along the Belt and Road Initiative.

Freight routes from China to Europe

RouteOrigin CityMain European DestinationsKey Details
Zhengzhou-EuropeZhengzhou, ChinaMalaszewicz, Poland; Hamburg/Munich, Germany– Almost daily departures
– Handles all container types
YuxinouChongqing, ChinaMultiple cities across Europe– First China-Europe railway route
– Extensive European presence
Harbin-EuropeHarbin, ChinaEurope
Han-EuropeWuhan, ChinaPoland, Germany, France– Higher freight rates than other routes
Chengdu-EuropeChengdu, ChinaLodz, Poland; Nuremberg, Germany; Tilburg, Netherlands– Weekly departures
– Fastest China-Netherlands option
Hunan-EuropeChangsha, ChinaGermany, Hungary, etc.– Differentiated European services
Guangzhou-ManchuriaGuangzhou, ChinaMoscow, Russia

Routes that CR express pass within Romania:

Routes that CR express pass within Romania:

Shipping Time From China to Romania

Shipping Time From China to Romania
Shipping MethodTransportation RouteTransit Time
Express ShippingDoor-to-door3-7 days
Air FreightPort-to-port5-10 days
Rail FreightChina to Romania15-25 days
Sea FreightChina ports to Constanta, Romania30-40 days

Notes:

  • Proximity and infrastructure efficiency at load/discharge ports impact times. Further or congested ports take longer to load/offload cargo, which delays transit.
  • Adverse weather like storms can significantly impact schedules. Severe weather may force vessels to seek shelter, delaying voyages. Flights may be canceled or rerouted during hurricanes/typhoons.
  • The busiest Seasons Are January and July-September. Chinese New Year in January and summer holidays see export/import peaks that overwhelm port capacity, leading to delays. Careful planning is needed during these periods.

Shipping Cost From China to Romania

The Freight Costs

Freight Costs from China to Romania

Shipping MethodTransportation RouteCost
Express ShippingDoor-to-door$5-$7 per kg
Air FreightAirport-to-airport$3-$5 per kg
Rail FreightChina to Romania$5,000-$8,000 per FCL container
Sea FreightChina ports to Constanta, Romania$1,500-$2,000 per FCL container

Please remember these are just average prices. We will provide you with a lower quotation. Luckystar works with each customer individually to develop customized shipping solutions tailored to their needs and budget. You can expect competitive pricing that aims to deliver great value. Please contact us to discuss your shipping needs – Luckystar looks forward to putting together an unexpected price for you.

How to Calculate the Freight Weight 

Follow these steps and you can quickly calculate the volume of your cargo:

Measure shipment dimensions Length, Width, and Height in cm.

Then, Calculate the volume

  • Volume (V) = Length x Width x Height
  • V = l x w x h
  • Units = cubic centimeters (cm3)

Convert to cubic meters

  • Volume (m3) = Volume (cm3) / 1,000,000

Calculate volumetric weight

  • Volumetric Weight (kg) = Volume (m3) x 167
  • Where 167 is the conversion factor

Compared to actual gross weight (GW) in kg

Determine chargeable weight (CW):

  • If volumetric weight > gross weight
    • CW = Volumetric weight
  • Else
    • CW = Gross weight

Calculate shipping cost:

  • Shipping Cost = Chargeable Weight x Rate per kg

The rate per kg depends on the mode of transport (air, sea, etc.)

Factors Affecting Freight Rates

  • Several factors can cause freight rates to fluctuate, making your shipping cost vary:
  • Demand and Supply: The balance between available shipping capacity and the demand for shipping space plays a critical role.
  • Fuel Costs: Changes in fuel prices can significantly impact freight rates.
  • Season: Peak seasons may see increased shipping activity, leading to higher prices.
  • Distance: The farther the shipment has to travel, the more you will likely pay.
  • Customs and Duties: These are not included in freight quotes and can affect the overall cost of importing goods.

To effectively manage your shipping from China to Romania, you need to be well-versed in how freight costs are calculated and the various factors that influence these rates.

When you request a freight quote, it’s important to provide specific details regarding your shipment to your freight forwarding. The cost to ship a container internationally isn’t a one-size-fits-all figure; each quote is tailored based on your needs.

Tax and Fees

When shipping from China to Romania, you’ll encounter various taxes and fees that can affect the total cost of your shipment. These are important to consider for your budget.

Value-Added Tax (VAT): Romania imposes VAT on imported goods, mirroring the standard EU practices. As of the current rules, the standard VAT rate is 19%. The calculation of VAT is typically based on the CIF value of the goods (Cost, Insurance, and Freight).

Import Duties: The specific duty rate varies depending on the product classification according to the Harmonized System (HS) codes. Duty rates can range from 0% to high percentages of the item’s CIF value.

Customs Clearance Fees: When your goods arrive in Romania, customs brokers charge fees for handling the documentation and clearance process. These fees are generally standard but may vary depending on the complexity of your shipment.

Here is a detailed table summarizing the key import taxes for goods shipped to Romania:

TaxDescriptionRates
Import Tariffs / Customs DutiesLevied on cost, insurance and freight (CIF) value of imported goods0-17% depending on product category
Value Added Tax (VAT)Applied on CIF value + import tariffsStandard rate: 24%

Additional details:

Some goods like books, laptops, and phones are exempt from tariffs

VAT threshold:

  • Imports below EUR 150 exempt from tariffs
  • Imports below EUR 10 exempt from VAT

The key import taxes are tariffs/customs duties and VAT. Rates vary based on product type. There are also anti-dumping duties for certain categories like bicycles from China. Small shipments below EUR 150 or EUR 10 value are exempt from tariffs or VAT respectively.

Prohibited and Restricted Items 

When shipping from China to Romania, you must be aware of specific items that are either entirely prohibited or subject to certain restrictions. Your compliance with these regulations is crucial for smooth customs clearance.

CategoryProhibited ItemsRestricted ItemsWhy Banned or Restricted
Wildlife ProductsIvory and ivory productsTo protect endangered species
DrugsIllegal narcoticsSome medications (require approval)Public health and safety
WeaponsUnauthorized firearms and ammunitionPublic safety
Hazardous MaterialsSubstances that pose a safety riskEnvironmental protection and public safety
Military EquipmentItems related to military useNational security
Intellectual PropertyCounterfeit goodsTo protect intellectual property rights
Alcohol & TobaccoLimited quantities, taxes applyRevenue generation, public health
FoodMust meet safety standards, require certificatesPublic health and safety
Plants & SeedsRequire sanitary inspectionsPrevent the spread of pests/disease

For the most accurate and up-to-date information, it’s advisable to consult the TARIC (Trade Tariff) database and the import policies of both the European Union and Romania before shipping. 

Produced by the EU, it necessitates detailed listings on the customs declaration form. This helps avoid delays and ensures a smoother customs process.

Special Considerations When Shipping Your Goods

When shipping from China to Romania, certain items require special attention due to their sensitive nature and regulatory implications, such as machinery, electronics, textiles and apparel. Here, you’ll find focused guidelines to help you navigate the complexities of importing those things.

Dealing with Machinery and Electronics

When importing machinery and electronics from China, it’s important to ensure that all items comply with both China’s export regulations and Romania’s import regulations. Here’s what you should consider:

Regulatory Compliance

Machinery must comply with the European Union’s safety standards and have the CE marking to show compliance. This includes standards on noise emissions, safety components, emergency stop devices, etc.

Electronics must comply with EU regulations on RoHS, WEEE, REACH, and other environmental and safety standards.

EU Regulations

DirectiveFull NamePurposeKey Requirements
RoHSRestriction of Hazardous SubstancesRestricts hazardous materials in electronics to prevent toxic e-wasteLimits lead, mercury, cadmium, etc.
WEEEWaste Electrical and Electronic EquipmentMakes manufacturers responsible for recycling e-wasteManufacturers must collect and recycle electronics
REACHRegistration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of ChemicalsAssesses health/environmental impacts of chemicalsRegistration and review of chemical substances
EcodesignN/ASets energy efficiency standards for productsMinimum energy performance standards
EMCElectromagnetic CompatibilityPrevents electromagnetic interference between devicesEnsures immunity and controlled emissions
Low VoltageN/ASpecifies safety requirements for electrical equipmentProtects users from electric shocks, burns, fires

Packaging Standards

  1. Use sturdy packaging materials like wood, metal, rigid plastic, etc. to protect sensitive electronics during transit
  2. Secure items properly inside boxes to prevent damage from shocks/vibrations.
  3. Use moisture-absorbing packets to keep electronics free from humidity.
  4. Label boxes with fragile markings and arrows pointing up.

Importing Textiles and Apparel

When importing textiles and clothing from China, be aware of:

  • Duty rates for textiles range from 4-12% depending on fabric type (silk, cotton, wool) and product category (shirts, trousers, blankets) 
  • Ensure the supplier complies with labeling standards and can provide certificates of origin.
  • Communicate product specifications clearly to avoid non-compliance issues.
  • Get the supplier’s experience with Romania’s import processes.

Overall, maintain regular communication with suppliers in China to foresee any potential customs clearance or documentation issues. Consider working with a reputable freight forwarder who understands both China’s export regulations and Romania’s import requirements.

Required Shipping Documents

You’ll need to prepare several key documents to facilitate smooth customs clearance:

DocumentPurpose
Single Administrative DocumentCustoms declaration form submitted to customs authorities with shipment details
Bill of Lading / Air Waybill / Sea Waybill / Courier WaybillServes as a contract between the shipper and carrier, and receipt showing goods were shipped
Entry Summary DeclarationProvides customs authorities with advance information on shipments
Certificate of OriginCertifies where goods were produced / manufactured
CMRStandard document for road transport between European countries
Packing ListDetails contents of shipment (quantity, weight, dimensions, etc.)
CIM Consignment NoteStandard document for rail transport in Europe
Certificate of ShipmentConfirms when and where goods were shipped
Commercial InvoiceProvides value and other details of goods for customs and duties

Keep in mind that incorrect or incomplete documents can lead to delays and additional costs. Consulting freight forwarders and staying updated on regulations is important to ensure proper documentation.

Why Choose Us? Luckystar Logistic

Established in 2022, Luckystar is an esteemed member of the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) and operates as a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC). The company’s mission is to deliver superior service quality at reduced costs, primarily serving China, the USA, Canada, and Europe. With core team members boasting over 20 years of experience in logistics, Luckystar brings considerable expertise to the table. Since its inception, the company has been dedicated to offering global door-to-door transport and logistics solutions, emphasizing dependability, adaptability, and responsiveness.

We’re not just any company; we are experts in transportation! Offering industry-leading solutions, we take pride in providing premium shipping services at a fraction of the cost of other freight forwarders, both in China and across the globe. Here’s why partnering with us is the smart move:

Accuracy You Can Count On:
Say goodbye to delivery delays and hello to timely delivery, which is vital for businesses needing to deliver goods swiftly to their customers.

Your Passport to Global Reach:
Our wide network of delivery destinations virtually covers the entire globe, offering extraordinary opportunities for businesses aiming to expand their reach. You can be assured that your package will find its way to almost any corner of the world, taking your business global!

Track with Ease:
Say goodbye to guesswork. Our stringent procedures afford you a live tracking mechanism, making it easy for you to follow your shipment’s progress at every stage of its journey. Stay informed and enjoy peace of mind, knowing exactly where your shipment is anytime you need to know.

Personalized Service, Every Step of the Way:
One of our dedicated team members will personally oversee your shipment from start to finish. This, coupled with our commitment to transparency and constant communication, ensures you are kept updated on the progress of your cargo every step of the way.

When shipping hazardous materials, it’s crucial to work with experienced service providers to ensure that your shipment is handled safely and efficiently. By partnering with us, you can have peace of mind knowing that your shipment is in good hands.

Are you looking for an experienced freight forwarder to assist you in shipping? Contact us. We’re always ready to help. Offering the unbeatable cheapest shipping rates for international shipping, our services are more affordable than you’d believe. Don’t hesitate! Get in touch with us today to make your shipping to Romania from China an easy way to go.

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